There are several unusual problems that the modern way of living has brought into our lives. It could be the food we eat and the unwanted stress of time and managing several aspects of life, which fuel the increase in adult acne.Acne has no barriers of age or gender. Irrespective of you being a toddler, teenager, or an adult, you may develop acne. However, adult acne normally, may not have any symptoms during your adolescence and may occur during your 30s or 40s. Also, it is common that acne occurs on the face than the body, which is a rare phenomenon.Studies reveal that over 25% of the male population and over 50% of the female population suffer from adult acne. It is also said that over one-third of this affected adult population suffer from body acne.Let us take a look at the common factors that trigger acne in our day-to-day life and the prevention and treatment methods.How Does Acne Occur?When hair follicles get plugged with dead skin or excess of oil, it results in the formation of acne. Normally, it is the clogging of dead cells, which is a common reason for the adult acne. These accumulated dead cells develop bacteria on all sides of the pores, which in turn cause acne.The sebaceous glands are connected to hair follicles and these secrete the oil that is required for the skin and hair. When an excess amount of oil is produced by these glands and when they combine with the dead cells of the skin, these can cause the bacteria to thrive and cause the wall of the follicle to bulge up and produce whiteheads or blackheads or any other forms of acne.Different Types of AcneThe different types of acne are; acne vulgaris, whiteheads, blackheads, pustules, papules, acne rosacea, etc. Other severe forms of adult acne include; acne conglobata, gram-negative folliculitis, pyoderma faciale, and acne fulminas.What are the Causes of Adult Acne?There are various factors that contribute to acne at different ages for different people. Causes differ from every individual. It could be the hormones, stress of modern life, cosmetics that are filled with various chemicals, humidity, or even a poor diet. It is the premenstrual flares that are predominantly found in women having adult acne.It is believed that, every year, over 14% of women aged between 26 and 44 are affected with acne. Studies reveal that the psychological stress of modern life has taken its toll on them and is the major cause for the decreased healing capacity of the body. This makes the treatment of acne a little challenging.How does stress cause adult acne?Modern lifestyle has created several situations wherein unknown and known stress is consistently present in the lives of those who do not understand how to balance all activities and responsibilities. Studies show that stress lowers the immunity in the body up to 40% and also shows that acne that is induced by stress is more stubborn than other causes.When you are stressed up, your adrenal glands are evoked and this floods your blood with cortisol hormone. This in turn induces the sebaceous glands to produce oil more than normal, which mixes with the dead skin and blocks the pores causing this skin disorder. Having a close watch on the outburst of acne after a stressful period can help you identify this.Is poor diet a cause of acne?Poor diet could be a major contributor of spot outbursts. Many a times, regardless of treating the acne externally with several creams, soaps, and lotions, do not help. This requires a close attention to your diet, which could be a reason. Changing your diet by removing certain elements and switching over to a healthy diet schedule would certainly help to treat adult acne.The outbursts that happen on the surface of the skin indicate that, the blood is highly acidic. This could be a result of eating excessive oily food, meat, sweets, excessive caffeine, white flour food, colas, and other soft drinks. This happens to busy people of today, who tend to avoid meals and instead opt for coffees and other soft drinks to fill their stomach to cope up with their daily schedules.Excess amount of sugar and chocolates also contribute to aggravating skin blemishes. This western style diet such as ready food and preserved food, contribute to excess insulin production, which contributes to excessive secretion of androgen hormones that are directly connected to the acne. Cow’s milk is considered to be a major trigger of acne.Can exercise also cause acne?Modern science does reveal that exercise could contribute to adult acne. This is because of the sweat that is produced during exercise that can create an ideal atmosphere for the growth of bacteria. That doesn’t mean that you should stop exercising entirely.The problem begins when you do not wash off your sweat and leaving it to dry after a workout for long periods. Exercising causes a rapid release of the sweat and sebum oil, which clog the pores and cause adult acne. This can be avoided by cleaning the face after a few minutes of exercising.Preventing and Treating Adult AcneTreatment of adult acne or any other form of acne must be done purely on an individual basis. This is because, the cause differs from each person and every cause requires a different approach in treatment based on the severity.Some of the common acne treatments include; over-the-counter medicines, prescribed topical, oral medications, antibiotics, simple home remedies, laser treatments, or at times even surgery.There are various preventive measures you can take based on your body. You may have to correct your diet, check on your cosmetics and avoid certain chemicals, wash your skin frequently and protect from the weather that affects you, relieve your stress and balance your activities, etc.SummaryThe most important step for treating any type of acne is to consult a dermatologist, who would help you to identify the cause of your acne and suggest the right method to cure it and prevent it. Self-medication might cause unwanted effects, which may be irreversible and so best to avoid it.Though adult acne is much similar to that of teenage acne, the causes could be different. Learning to cope up with the modern lifestyle by avoiding certain foods and chemical intake, regular exercise and meditation, relieving your stress and taking care of your skin regularly in a natural way, would certainly keep you away from the troubles of acne.